Antiword 0.37 for VMS
Antiword is a MS Word document file reader.
Author: Adri van Os. Homepage:
With a minimum of changes, I have made a version working
on VMS ( Alpha, Compaq C V6.+ , Vax should work as well).
Build instructions for VMS
Get the distribution from the programmers/Linux version at
linux/antiword-0.37.tar.gz , or from here
Decompress using gzip, then untar and set directory to [.antiword-0_37] .
Get VMS-specific build-files packed into antiword_vms_files.zip.
Fetch this archive, and unpack in [.antiword-0_37] .
If You have GNU make (gmake) with DCL:
Execute (g)make -f makefile.vms " .
With GNV bash: make -f makefile.vms_bash .
If You have MMS or MMK , simply type MMS ,using the
DESCRIP.MMS descriptor file provided here.
Without make or MMS/MMK, compile everything, except main_r,
then link main_u (the common Unix- and VMS main program)
and all other object files.
(all commands are in vms_make.com).
Older VMS versions
Informed by Peter Weaver, who compiled on Vax VMS 7.1, DECC 5.7, it needs
an additional definition in misc_vms_prefix.c .
I made the definition conditionalized on CRTL < 7 .
This may or may not be correct; if somebody with a DECC version between 5.7 and
6.4 can prove it, please inform me. Maybe one has to make the condition on the
DECC rather than the CRTL version.
I had the opportunity to compile and link with DEC C V5.6-003 on
OpenVMS VAX V7.1,
and -surprise- it does not need any change. Test and see!
On Alpha VMS 7.1 with DECC 5.6: builds correctly using @vms_make "" "" CC/STANDARD=VAXC
or MMS /Macro=("CC=CC/STANDARD=VAXC") .
Until it is clear, what the right definitions are, I will not include
a changed misc.c in the distribution.
I definitely have no way to test, if it compiles with Vaxc or GCC !
Optional changes for VMS
Global file directory and the /usr path
You may want to change the location of the global file directory
( macro GLOBAL_ANTIWORD_DIR in header-file antiword.h ) holding the files
from the [.resources] subdirectory:
change /usr/share/antiword to a different location (in Unix syntax), unless You
define a VMS logical device "/usr" ( USR:[SHARE.ANTIWORD] ).
On my system the logical usr looks like this:
"USR" [super] = "SYS$SYSDEVICE:[UTIL.]" [concealed] (LNM$SYSTEM_TABLE)
I will not change the source for this , since there is no convention in VMS
for user-shared files .
VMS 7.3-1 introduces a SYS$POSIX_ROOT logical: simply create the usr/
directory tree under SYS$POSIX_ROOT.
V 0.34 adds an environment-variable ANTIWORDHOME to find the global
setup directory if not /usr/share/antiword .
Define it as a VMS logical, directory-name in VMS-syntax ( dev:[directory] ).
DEBUG option and the /tmp path
To compile the sources with the DEBUG option, have a look into the *2eps.c
files: they write image files to a directory /tmp/pics/...
Either define a concealed logical TMP (e.g. to point to sys$scratch), or change
the 3 source files to point to sys$scratch: instead of /tmp/pics/.
All newer VMS versions (since V7.?) contain a DECC RTL, with a specific
handling of "/tmp": it translates to sys$scratch, if no "tmp" logical is
defined. So usually it is enough to create a directory [.pics] in your user
define a foreign command pointing to antiword.exe
copy antiword.exe into dcl$path:
System-wide: copy the [.resources] files into the directory defined by
or leave the [.resources] subdirectory in place, and let the user
(or sys$sylogin) execute this procedure: antiword_setup.com
Private: create directory [.ANTIWORD] in sys$login:
copy the [.resources] files into the newly created directory.
Produce a postscript file from a word-document:
pipe antiword -p a4 file.doc >file.ps
A DCL commandfile in our DCL$PATH directory does the postscript conversion
and X11 display with Ghostscript in one go:
Use it in a commandline like this: wordviewer testdoc
or wordviewer testdoc PDF
Comment applying to all GNU/Unix style programs compiled with DECC:
The interpretation of command-line switches and path-names can be influenced
by several DECC$* logical names, most important ones are:
$ define DECC$ARGV_PARSE_STYLE "ENABLE"
$ SET PROCESS/PARSE_STYLE=EXTENDED
These 2 settings preserve case of foreign command-lines
( otherwise `antiword -L` has to be typed as `antiword -"L"` )
$ define DECC$DISABLE_TO_VMS_LOGNAME_TRANSLATION "ENABLE"
path foo/bar translates to [.foo]bar; if disabled, it translates to foo:[bar]
(but some programs will not work , java in particular !)
How to define a global antiword directory /usr/share/antiword :
Let's assume the global directory in VMS is SYS$SYSDEVICE:[UTIL.SHARE.ANTIWORD]
$ dir sys$sysdevice:[util.share.antiword]
$ define/trans=concealed usr sys$sysdevice:[util.]
$ ls /usr/share/antiword/
This way "/usr/share/antiword/" in the C program is equvalent to
Legal: Antiword is distributed under the GPL
Please send VMS-specific questions to me:
Joseph.Huber at mppmu.mpg.de
Joseph Huber ,